Mostly Cloudy
3°CThu :Partly Cloudy. High: 5 Low: -1

Mindfulness meditation `may help relieve chronic inflammation`

Mindfulness meditation `may help relieve chronic inflammation`

Washington: People suffering from chronic inflammatory conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease and asthma – in which psychological stress plays a major role – may benefit from mindfulness meditation techniques, researchers say.

Mindfulness-based stress reduction, originally designed for patients with chronic pain, consists of continuously focusing attention on the breath, bodily sensations and mental content while seated, walking or practicing yoga.

While interest in meditation as a means of reducing stress has grown over the years, there has been little evidence to support benefits specific to mindfulness meditation practice.

This was the first study designed to control for other therapeutic mechanisms, such as supportive social interaction, expert instruction, or learning new skills.

A class in stress reduction can be beneficial in many ways, some of which have little to do with mindfulness, according to Melissa Rosenkranz, lead author on the paper from the Center for Investigating Healthy Minds at the Waisman Center.

For example, learning to manage stress by engaging in regular physical activity may be therapeutic.

“We wanted to develop an intervention that was meant to produce positive change and compare the mindfulness approach to an intervention that was structurally equivalent,” Rosenkranz said.

The study by University of Wisconsin-Madison neuroscientists with the Center for Investigating Healthy Minds at the Waisman Center compared two methods of reducing stress: a mindfulness meditation-based approach, and a program designed to enhance health in ways unrelated to mindfulness.

The comparison group participated in the Health Enhancement Program, which consisted of nutritional education; physical activity, such as walking; balance, agility and core strengthening; and music therapy. The content of the program was meant to match aspects of the mindfulness instruction in some way.

For example, physical exercise was meant to match walking meditation, without the mindfulness component.

Both groups had the same amount of training, the same level of expertise in the instructors, and the same amount of home practice required by participants.

“In this setting, we could see if there were changes that we could detect that were specific to mindfulness,” Rosenkranz said.

Using a tool called the Trier Social Stress Test to induce psychological stress, and a capsaicin cream to produce inflammation on the skin, immune and endocrine measures were collected before and after training in the two methods.

While both techniques were proven effective in reducing stress, the mindfulness-based stress reduction approach was more effective at reducing stress-induced inflammation.

The results show that behavioural interventions designed to reduce emotional reactivity are beneficial to people suffering from chronic inflammatory conditions.

The study also suggests that mindfulness techniques may be more effective in relieving inflammatory symptoms than other activities that promote well-being.

Rosenkranz emphasizes that the mindfulness-based approach is not a magic bullet.

“This is not a cure-all, but our study does show that there are specific ways that mindfulness can be beneficial, and that there are specific people who may be more likely to benefit from this approach than other interventions,” she said.

Significant portions of the population do not benefit from available pharmaceutical treatment options, for example. Some of these patients suffer from negative side effects of the drugs, or simply do not respond to the standard-of-care for treatment of the disorder.

“The mindfulness-based approach to stress reduction may offer a lower-cost alternative or complement to standard treatment, and it can be practiced easily by patients in their own homes, whenever they need,” Rosenkranz added.

The study has been published in the journal Brain, Behavior and Immunity.

 

Top Stories

Saina_Nehwal_SwissOpen_AP

Saina beats Chinese adversary Shixian Wang in Superseries Finals

December-18-2014
Heading Indian lady shuttler Saina Nehwal beat ruling Asian Games champion Shixian Wang of China 21-17, 21-18 to win the first match
MTE1ODA0OTcxOTg4MDU5NjYx

Amitabh Bachchan becomes the king of Twitter

December-18-2014
In an examination report of the most famous Bollywood stars on Twitter, Big B with 12 million adherents on Twitter beat the
Sensex on budget day

India Sensex Ends Five-Day Decline as Asian Shares Rally on Fed

December-18-2014
Indian stocks climbed the most in six weeks, with the benchmark list stopping a five-day slide, as the rupee reinforced and worldwide
PM_Modi_Rajya_Sabha_PTI_650

PM Narendra Modi in Rajya Sabha Today, But BJP Adamant He Will Not Speak on Conversions

December-18-2014
New Delhi : Head administrator Narendra Modi will be in the Rajya Sabha today, however the decision BJP has concluded that it
IndiaTvec82b0_Abdul-Hamid

Bangladesh President to touch base in India on six-day visit today

December-18-2014
New Delhi: In a first-ever visit by a stately Head of Bangladesh, its President Abdul Hamid will touch base here on Thursday
tata-steel_660_121614054109

Tata Steel Close to Reopening its Top Iron Ore Mine

December-17-2014
New Delhi: Tata Steel may be permitted to resume creation from its greatest iron mineral mine in the not so distant future,